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The Bleriot Motorcycle and Early Flight

Bleriot Motorcycle 500cc

French aviator, Louis Blériot (1872 -1936), successfully developed and manufactured the first practical headlamp for cars, which helped fund his flight efforts. His experimentation and development in aircraft led to fame, fortune and one of the world’s first monoplanes (fixed-wing format with one main set of wing surfaces). But it’s his motorcycle that grabbed our attention.

Bleriot Headlamps
A pair of brass Bleriot side lamps for Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost.

In 1909, he was the first to fly across the English Channel in a heavier-than-air aircraft (others before had flown across in a balloon). Interestingly, his wife was aboard a ship that set out ahead so he could use it as a visual reference of the right direction. He ended up flying passed it before getting a visual of the other side of the Channel. He would fly for 10 minutes seeing only water before finally spotting land. Spotters waved flags to direct him toward an open grassy area to land in.

Bleriot pre-takeoff 1909
Bleriot pre-takeoff 1909.

After 1918, with the demand for aircraft slowing down (end of WWI), Bleriot Aeronautique took on contracts to build fishing boats, a motorcycle and a cyclecar with 2-cylinder 2-stroke engines and shaft drive (scroll down for a pic). The motorcycles would be manufactured in Paris, the cyclecars in their England factory. Toward the end of its operation, the company would tackle projects to develop a four-engine floatplane (1929), twin-engine airliner with twin fuselages (1931) and a single-engine amphibian flying boat (1931) among many others.

RAF Bleriot
Royal Flying Corps Bleriot circa 1915.
Louis Bleriot cyclecar
The Bleriot cyclecar and Louis Bleriot.

In 1919 the bike was introduced and manufactured until 1923. We dig its uncommonly cool ‘disc’ wheels and cool blue hue. The 500cc powerplant (497cc to be more accurate) consists of a side-valve parallel twin four-stroke with 5HP. It was advertised that the three-speeder could achieve 46mph (75km/h). For sidecar applications, you could order a 750cc engine with reverse. The two-wheel versions came in Sport, Touriste and STD…with an option for rear suspension.

Bleriot Motorcycle 500cc

Bleriot Motorcycle 500cc
A 500cc side-valve parallel twin four-stroke with 5HP.

Bleriot Motorcycle

Restored Bleriot
A nicely restored Bleriot motorcycle.

The bike was smartly personified in advertising with the tagline, “She doesn’t ride, she flies.” Or, “It doesn’t roll, it glides.” Either way, the ad speak meant to transcend the mere rolling experience and pay homage to the company’s roots in flight. Prospective buyers were told, “It is extremely simple to maintain; the splash lubrication system means that all the moving parts are bathed in oil; there are no pumps to fail or pipes to break!”

Bleriot Poster

Blériot died in Paris of a heart attack in 1936, but his fame lives on in the aviation industry with awards named after him and catalogs of history supporting his contributions. While the motorcycles didn’t play as big of a role, they’ve certainly made their mark. In their 1922 sales literature, they simply summed up the classy motorcycle as “particularly well-suited to the needs of the modern tourist.”

Bleriot Motorcycle and Airplane
Don’t know the original source for this painting…but we love the work!

1919 Bleriot 500

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